From top to bottom left to right: Atlanta skyline seen from Buckhead, the Fox Theatre, the Georgia State Capitol, Centennial Olympic Park, Millennium Gate, the Canopy Walk, the Georgia Aquarium, The Phoenix statue, and the Midtown skyline Atlanta is the seat of Fulton County and a small portion of the city extends eastward into De Kalb County.Atlanta was founded as a transportation hub at the intersection of two railroad lines in 1837.After engineers surveyed various possible locations for the terminus, the "zero milepost" was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points.A year later, the area around the milepost had developed into a settlement, first known as "Terminus," and later as "Thrasherville" after a local merchant who built homes and a general store in the area.In the 1950s, the city's newly constructed highway system allowed middle class Atlantans the ability to relocate to the suburbs.As a result, the city began to make up an ever-smaller proportion of the metropolitan area's population.In 1864, the Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its invasion of north Georgia.
The gala event at Loew's Grand Theatre was attended by the film's legendary producer, David O.By 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology (now Georgia Tech) and the Atlanta University Center had established Atlanta as a center for higher education.In 1895, Atlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Exposition, which attracted nearly 800,000 attendees and successfully promoted the New South's development to the world.The city's skyline emerged with the construction of the Equitable, Flatiron, Empire, and Candler buildings; and Sweet Auburn emerged as a center of black commerce. Increased racial tensions led to the Atlanta Race Riot of 1906, which left at least 27 people dead and over 70 injured.In 1915, Leo Frank, a Jewish-American factory superintendent, convicted of murder, was hanged in Marietta by a lynch mob, drawing attention to antisemitism in the United States.During the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth.In three decades' time, Atlanta's population tripled as the city limits expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs.By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed "Marthasville" to honor the Governor's daughter. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed "Atlantica-Pacifica," which was shortened to "Atlanta".During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies.On November 11, 1864, Sherman prepared for the Union Army's March to the Sea by ordering Atlanta to be burned to the ground, sparing only the city's churches and hospitals.In the 1880 Census, Atlanta surpassed Savannah as Georgia's largest city. Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution newspaper, promoted Atlanta to potential investors as a city of the "New South" that would be based upon a modern economy and less reliant on agriculture.