According to the IGLHRC country advisor, LGBT people in these cities are commonly subject to harassment and psychological violence from within and outside the family (IGLHRC 17 Dec. He also said that partner violence between same-sex couples occurs frequently (ibid.). Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Treatment by Police The IGLHRC country advisor expressed the opinion that if an LGBT person who faced threats from family or community members went to the police, that the police "may become an accomplice rather than protector" (17 Dec. Corroborating information could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. Follow-up has been carried out predominantly by active methods with the median follow-up time ranging between 29–36 months for different cancers.The proportion of histologically verified diagnosis for various cancers ranged between 98–100%; there were no cases as death certificates only (DCOs); 86–93% of total registered cases were included for survival analysis. The 5-year age-standardized relative survival rates was the highest for cancer of the salivary gland (44%), followed by oral cavity (40%), tongue (39%) and tonsil (3%).Lesbians will be forced to get married and they face pressure from both their in-laws and parent's family." (Neengar Society 20 Dec. 2013) He cited an example in which a lesbian woman was forced by her family to get married and then suffered marital rape (ibid.). The Neengar Society President said that "it is difficult for a member of LGBT community to access housing, a good job, and health care without concealing their sexuality or taking extra precautions with a fear of discrimination." (ibid.). Media sources report that the website Queer Pakistan, which was set up in July 2013 as a resource to support the LGBT community, was blocked by Pakistani authorities a few months later (Pink News 25 Sept. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
The exclusion of cases owing to the non-availability of any follow-up information is 7%, ranging from 9% in cancer of the tonsil to 7% for oral cavity.
Corroborating information for this case could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response. Discrimination Both the IGLHRC country advisor and the Neengar Society President said that LGBT people in Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad who are open about their sexual orientation or gender identity are subject to discrimination (IGLHRC 17 Dec. Similarly, Freedom House states that "[l]egal and societal discrimination against gay men and lesbians is pervasive" (2013). Violence According to the Neengar Society President, LGBT people in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, and elsewhere in Pakistan have been subject to violence (Neengar Society 20 Dec. He cited as an example the 2012 murder of a transgender woman in a district of Multan (ibid.). "MSMGF Global Directory Listing." [Accessed 20 Dec.
According to Daily The Post, in September 2012, a man in Karachi was killed because of his sexual orientation; acid was thrown on his face and other body parts and he was shot twice (29 Sept. Corroborating information related to these two murders could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.
Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.
"The Global Divide on Homosexuality." [Accessed 2 Jan. The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at