Eventually, it was agreed to call the town "Lawrence City" in honor or Amos Adams Lawrence, an abolitionist who, according to Cordley, was "one of the first men of means" to fund the Emigrant Aid Company.Two years later, in 1857, the Quincy School was started in the Emigrant Aid office before moving to the basement of the Unitarian Church in April. Shortly after Lawrence’s founding, two newspapers were started in the town: The Kansas Pioneer and the Herald of Freedom. A third paper, the Kansas Free State, was also created and began printing in early January 1855.Lawrence was founded by the New England Emigrant Aid Company and was named for Amos Adams Lawrence who offered financial aid and support for the settlement. However, its economy soon diversified into many industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and ultimately education, beginning with the founding of the University of Kansas in 1866, and later Haskell Indian Nations University in 1884.Prior to Kansas Territory being opened to settlement in May 1854, most of Douglas County was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation.As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 87,643.
Within no time, pro- and anti-slavery elements were moving into Kansas with the intention of either approving or banning the practice of slavery, respectively.Louis, who told them all he knew and provided them with transportation.The group arrived in the future location of Lawrence on August 1 of that year, and they ate their first meal on Hogback Ridge itself.The Plymouth Congregational Church was started in September 1854 by Reverend S. The establishment of these papers angered a number of pro-slavery people who lived in the region (as well as those living in Western Missouri).The pro- and anti-slavery groups managed to co-exist with one another for only a few short months before things finally boiled over on November 21, 1855.Lawrence, and others, began their work at once, arousing public interest and making arrangements to facilitate emigration to Kansas. Whether they thought then of what might afterwards occur is not known; but when the time came to select a location for the first colony, Dr.Robinson remembered this view from the hilltop, and this doubtless had much to do in the final decision.The group, led by Jones, made their way to Lawrence, prepared to eradicate the free-staters.Meanwhile, the citizens of Lawrence, bracing for the impending battle, raised up a militia of 800 men. Charles Robinson was commander-in-chief of the city's troops, and the future state senator James Lane was appointed as his second-in-command.When he was asked, therefore, to go and explore the country with a view to locating colonies, it was not altogether an unknown land to him.While Branscomb and Robinson were exploring, the New England Emigrant Aid Company was busy assembling a "pioneer party" of twenty-nine men to found their city.