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Discoverer of carbon dating

He has historically been credited with the discovery of oxygen, During his lifetime, Priestley's considerable scientific reputation rested on his invention of soda water, his writings on electricity, and his discovery of several "airs" (gases), the most famous being what Priestley dubbed "dephlogisticated air" (oxygen).

13 March] 1733 – 6 February 1804) was an 18th-century English Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist who published over 150 works.

The controversial nature of Priestley's publications, combined with his outspoken support of the French Revolution, aroused public and governmental suspicion; he was eventually forced to flee in 1791, first to London and then to the United States, after a mob burned down his Birmingham home and church.Priestley later wrote that the book that influenced him the most, save the Bible, was David Hartley's Observations on Man (1749).Hartley's psychological, philosophical, and theological treatise postulated a material theory of mind.He was the oldest of six children born to Mary Swift and Jonas Priestley, a finisher of cloth.To ease his mother's burdens, Priestley was sent to live with his grandfather around the age of one.He was tutored by the Reverend George Haggerstone, who first introduced him to higher mathematics, natural philosophy, logic, and metaphysics through the works of Isaac Watts, Willem 's Gravesande, and John Locke.Because he had already read widely, Priestley was allowed to skip the first two years of coursework.Hartley aimed to construct a Christian philosophy in which both religious and moral "facts" could be scientifically proven, a goal that would occupy Priestley for his entire life.In his third year at Daventry, Priestley committed himself to the ministry, which he described as "the noblest of all professions".Because Priestley was precocious—at the age of four he could flawlessly recite all 107 questions and answers of the Westminster Shorter Catechism—his aunt sought the best education for the boy, intending him for the ministry.During his youth, Priestley attended local schools where he learned Greek, Latin, and Hebrew.

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